US Anglicans have responded to what one called the “empty evil” of the mass shootings in a Denver movie theatre just after midnight on 20 July.

The Revd Gary R. Brower, an Episcopal priest and university chaplain at the University of Denver, told the Episcopal News Service via email that “given the deep wounds of Columbine, this particular tragedy hits us all pretty hard”. US Anglicans are members of the Episcopal Church and are known as Episcopalians.

Mr Brower was referring to the mass shooting on 20 April 1999 at a high school in Columbine, Colorado, about 27 kilometres south-west of Aurora, where the latest shooting took place. At Columbine, two students killed two classmates and one teacher and wounded another 21 students before committing suicide.

A gunman in a gas mask barged into the crowded theatre during a midnight showing of the new Batman movie last Friday, hurled a gas canister and then opened fire, killing 12 people and injuring at least 50 others in one of the deadliest mass shootings in recent US history, the Associated Press reported.

When the smoke began to spread, some moviegoers thought it was a stunt that was part of the The Dark Knight Rises, one of the most highly anticipated films of the US summer. They saw a silhouette of a person in the haze near the screen, pointing a gun at the crowd and then shooting.

James Holmes, 24, was taken into custody near a car behind the 16-screen theatre. Holmes was studying neuroscience in a Ph.D. program at the University of Colorado-Denver, university spokeswoman Jacque Montgomery said, adding that he enrolled a year ago and was in the process of withdrawing at the time of the shootings.

St. John’s Cathedral, the Episcopal Church cathedral in Denver, said in a statement on its home page:  “At times like these, our emotions come swirling to the surface, with all our questions: shock, anger, grief, wonderment; why did this happen? How could it have been prevented? What does it mean? Where was God?.

“There are no easy answers. This shooting is a terrible tragedy, and it is a great loss that senseless killing has become a part of our national life in recent decades. Yet this is not an occasion to abandon hope,” the statement said. “It is not an occasion to break faith. It is rather an occasion to renew our commitment to love: to love our neighbors, both close and distant, who are suffering; to love our enemies, who have wounded us so grievously; and to love God, who does not abandon us in tragedy, but chose to enter death itself, that life might be wrested from bondage in the tomb.”

The Revd Dr Francis H. Wade, interim dean of Washington National Cathedral, said: “This empty evil adds to a series of violent acts that weigh heavily on the national consciousness, acts that must surely occasion focused discussion on the interplay of violence and the availability of guns.

“This moment also calls for prayer. Our prayers at the National Cathedral today will mourn the fallen — and we will continue to remember those injured, along with their communities, as we renew our calls for healing and peace.”

Meanwhile, Ms Kathryn Lohre, the president of the National Council of Churches, said Christians across the US we “surrounding the community of Aurora, Colorado” in prayer. She also called upon elected officials at every level of government to “seek policies that will foster greater peace in our communities and throughout this country”.

“May God bring comfort and healing to all, including the families of those who have been injured and killed, and also to the alleged gunman and his family,” she said.

At its recently concluded 77th General Convention in Indianapolis, the Episcopal Church renewed its opposition to gun violence by approving Resolution D003, which “requests every parish and every diocesan place of work to declare their establishments as Gun Free Zones”.

The resolution’s explanation notes that some states allow people to bring weapons into churches under varying conditions, while others have outlawed the practice.

“Laws vary from state to state, but posting Gun Free Zone decals is one way for parishes and dioceses to exercise private property rights on behalf of community safety,” the explanation said.

“Posting of this status shall be easily visible for parishioners, staff and visitors to see as they enter the building.”
The church’s stance dates to at least 1976 when General Convention called on Congress to adopt effective hand gun legislation “as promptly as possible”.

In 2000, the convention passed a resolution expressing its “deep concern about the repeated use of easily available hand guns and assault weapons by and against children”.

The resolution called upon Episcopalians to “seek ways to develop community strategies and create sanctuaries for our children, so that all may come to identify and value themselves and others as the precious children of God that they are, and that they may come to know peace in their lives and to create peace for future generations”.

Also in 2000, the convention called upon all members of the church to “work intentionally in their several committees, legislatures, and institutions toward the removal of handguns and assault weapons from our homes, other residential communities, and vehicles”.

The Revd Mary Frances Schjonberg is an editor/reporter for the Episcopal News Service.

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